The SEC, just a few days ago, announced an enforcement action against a trust company for failure to exercise substantial investment authority over their collective trust funds. According to the SEC, because of this failure, the trust was not entitled rely on the Section 3(c)(11) under the Investment Company Act and was therefore operating unregistered investment companies. This SEC’s action is curious to say the least; it is first statement by the SEC in recent memory which addresses Section 3(c)(11)’s bank-maintained requirement. The action does not allege client harm and does not serve to advance any stated concern by the SEC regarding bank collective trust funds which are bank-regulated products. By bringing last week’s case, the SEC raises the question of what constitutes “substantial investment authority” for purposes of the “maintained by a bank” requirement, but offers no sense of the SEC’s expectations or where the SEC may be headed more generally with respect to bank collective trust funds.